Mason Work: Job Lookout, Duties, Skills and Salary
Mason: A person who uses building blocks (bricks, stones, etc.) and a bonding agent, mortar, to build structures.
Mortar is the mixing of aggregates like sand, water and binding material like cement.
What does a mason do?
As a mason, you will use concrete, bricks, and artificial stone to construct buildings. A Mason in construction has to lift and place heavy materials, and masonry workers will need one to work with their hands to determine the cause of any problems.
As a mason, you can be in any location you want. Most work outdoors, but inclement weather can limit their work activity.
While mason work is a skilled trade, it is not for everyone. Some masons specialize in one or more specific types, such as building a wall. Another kind of masonry work involves building walkways and chimneys.
Forms of masonry work
There are many different styles of masonry work. Some masons are skilled in different styles, and they are a perfect match for any project.
However, a mason specializing in a particular material has a great deal of knowledge in the field.
Moreover, masons must be able to lift heavy materials and tools, so they should be able to understand the material.
Based on the material masons work with, we may categorize them as:
1. Brick mason
Bricks are still a popular choice in the construction industry. Brick is durable and comes in many colours and textures, making it a popular choice for homeowners and architects alike.
Some brick masons specialize in residential projects, while others specialize in large-scale public building projects. Whether you need a small, home-based masonry project or something more extensive and complex, brick masons will have the skill and knowledge to accomplish the job.
Unlike stone, a brick can be a bit more costly than a concrete foundation, and it requires a level and precise placement to avoid cracks and other problems. Hence, the job of a brick mason is skilful and satisfying.
2. Block mason
In addition to brick and mortar masonry, a masonry worker can also work with concrete blocks. This type of masonry work is commonly used in large buildings and skyscrapers. A masonry worker can also work on concrete pediments, as they are more durable than bricks.
Stone is a traditional construction material. These materials are much more challenging to work with because they are not uniform in size or shape. A stonemason needs to fit them into spaces not designed for them, which requires expertise and decades of experience. Despite their complexity, masonry work can be incredibly beautiful when done properly.
A mason will apply mortar to the wall during a construction project to create the structure. Then, he will use different tools to build walls.
Masonry work requires one to know how to use tools to make their work easier and faster.
Masonry tools and equipment: Mason's tools can be used to construct various stone structures. Each type of structure requires different tools and requires a different amount of total cost. Depending on the size and complexity, a mason can choose to use different mason tools to complete their duties efficiently.
1. Masonry Trowel
A masonry trowel has a flat blade, and a handle with an angle used to dispense mortar and spread it.
2. Mason’s Level
A masonry level is a vital hand tool for mason work. A masonry level is a special tool used for stonework. It is similar to a standard level but has a unique enclosure. It is used to ensure that walls are level when erecting.
A mason's level can be either wood or metal and is a basic hand tool used to establish vertical and horizontal lines in stone structures. A mason's level has a flat metalhead but slightly more sharp edges than a standard level.
A chisel is an essential tool in bricklaying. A mason will use a chisel to split and shape bricks, and they also use it to remove extra mortar.
4. Masonry Hammer
In addition to a chisel, a mason's hammer should be able to strike the wall with enough force to split a brick. The Masonry hammer is iron-made and has a square face.
A mason's career can be varied and satisfying. Depending on their skill level, they can move into management roles or own small businesses. Those with advanced skills and training can become project estimators, foremen, or superintendents. There are many ways to advance in the masonry industry, but most require a master's degree. Once you've finished school, you can focus on building your dream home or rehabilitating an existing structure.
With growing demand, mason work is booming and will only continue to grow in the coming years. For a mason to find a job in this field, you must have the required skills and training.
There is a huge demand for skilled masons, and it's important to be familiar with the different aspects of mason work.
The role of a mason varies. They can work in construction or masonry, and some masons specialize in a specific area. The best masons will be able to work in many environments. A mason's job is not easy, but it is gratifying.
- Masonry work will require you to use various materials, including bricks and concrete.
- The masonry worker must also be able to diagnose problems and apply corrective measures.
- In addition to knowledge of the material, masons should also be able to follow technical specifications.
- Masonry work will require one to be good at math. The basic mathematical skills of masons are crucial to a mason's job. It will require one to be able to read and follow technical drawings.
- In addition to that, mason work will demand you to be a skilled reader to follow written instructions and ensure accuracy.
Mason’s duties and responsibilities
A mason's duties will depend on the material he is working with.
- He will assist in building layouts.
- He will use masonry tools and equipment to shape and cut materials to fit the exact dimensions.
- He will also mix binding substances to keep the pieces together.
- The mason will move the parts of the building into position according to the blueprints.
- He must adhere to the architectural plan so that the finished work will be uniform and flawless.
- In addition to these, he must be able to perform manual labour and heavy lifting.
How to become a mason worker?
A degree is not necessary for becoming a mason. Mason workers often don't have to go to college and can begin their careers immediately after graduating high school. However, formal education can be helpful. Some graduates choose to attend a trade school, which is usually free or inexpensive if completed during high school.
Education & Certification
If you're looking to become a mason, you'll need to get an education and training later as an advanced apprentice. You can always get a technical college education and earn credits for your associate degree in mathematics and engineering courses. Mechanical drawing and blueprint reading courses are also helpful.
To begin working as a masonry contractor, you'll need a workforce certificate and a certification from your local union. Contractor associations and unions usually sponsor these, and they can help you find a suitable one.
Apprenticeship or Training
Many mason workers start their careers through an apprenticeship. The training involves working on real projects under the guidance of more experienced professionals, and when they graduate, they are almost guaranteed to find full-time employment.
During their training, masons must be at least 18 years old. They must be physically fit for a physically taxing job. An apprenticeship can teach a mason how to read blueprints, learn the mathematics needed for masonry, and adhere to safety regulations. After an apprentice has completed an apprenticeship, they are considered ready to perform the job independently. Some masons even start their careers as construction helpers to gain more on-the-job experience.
Work Environment and Schedule
The schedule and working environment of mason workers can be irregular. Mason's work can be physically demanding. Typically, masonry workers work long hours and are not paid for breaks or sick days. Mason's work often involves hard physical labour and work outside in a hot, humid, or humid environment. The working environment may also be dusty and dangerous.
However, companies who pay higher salaries and provide flexible working ensure plenty of time and compensation for their health. More flexibility in schedule is beneficial for all employees, including those with young children. In such cases, masonry workers who don't mind a long day enjoy their working environments and schedules.
The average salary for a mason is around $58,000 a year.
In India, depending on the skills, experience and location of work, a mason earns between rs. 2,50,00o per year to rs. 6,50,000 per year.